What Is a Dream？
For centuries, people have wondered about the strange things that they dream about. Some psychologists say that this nighttime activity of the mind has no special meaning. Others, however, think that dreams are an important part of our lives. In fact, many experts believe that dreams can tell us about a person’s mind and emotions.
Before modern times, many people thought that dreams contained messages from God. It was only in the twentieth century that people started to study dreams in a scientific way.
The Austrian psychologist, Sigmund Freud,was probably the first person to study dreams scientifically. In his famous book, The interpretation of Dreams （1900）, Freud wrote that dreams are an expression of a person’s wishes. He believed that dreams allow people to express the feelings, thoughts, and fears that they are afraid to express in real life.
The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung was once a student of Freud’s. Jung, however, had a different idea about dreams. Jung believed that the purpose of a dream was to communicate a message to the dreamer. He thought people could learn more about themselves by thinking about their dreams. For example, people who dream about falling may learn that they have too high an opinion of themselves. On the other hand, people who dream about being heroes may learn that they think too little of themselves.
Modern-day psychologists continue to develop theories about dreams. For example, psychologist William Domhoff from the University of California, Santa Cruz, believes that dreams are tightly linked to a person’s daily life, thoughts, and behavior. A criminal, for example, might dream about crime.
Domhoff believes that there is a connection between dreams and age. His research shows that children do not dream as much as adults. According to Domhoff, dreaming is a mental skill that needs time to develop.
He has also found a link between dreams and gender. His studies show that the dreams of men and women are different. For example, the people in men’s dreams are often other men, and the dreams often involve fighting. This is not true of women’s dreams. Domhoff found this gender difference in the dreams of people from 11 cultures around the world, including both modern and traditional ones.
Can dreams help us understand ourselves? Psychologists continue to try to answer this question in different ways. However, one thing they agree on this: If you dream that something terrible is going to occur, you shouldn’t panic. The dream may have meaning, but it does not mean that some terrible event will actually take place. It’s important to remember that the world of dreams is not the real world.
2、综合b22卷 阅读理解 《洛贝尓奖》 hans left economic enjoying undcaled 《belgium》 surcalle 1830 no culture bear 《姚明》 tall mobility rapid miss 怀疑 补全短文《梦》 20世纪 he thought a criminal for example however 完型《旅游文化冲突》 never little meeting in makes appreciate learn that before friendy take with stay enjoy treat3、综合a，考卷类型13，补全短文，是出自原教材 阅读理解第四十二篇，Sauna，桑拿浴4、综合a，考卷类型13，完形填空 题目 the origin of JAZZ music
4、综合类C级只有一道文章来自教材。US SIGNS GLOBAL TOBACCO TREATY
5、the origin of Jazz Music 【An Early Form of Jazz Music 】 综合A 完形填空
Music comes in many forms;most countries have a style of their own.At the turn of the last century,____1 jazz was born ,America had no prominent ____2 of its own.No one knows exactly when was invented or by whom.But it began to be ____3____ in the early 1890s.Jazz is America's contribution to
____4_____ music.In contrast to classical music,which __5__ formal European traditions,jazz is spontaneous and free in form1.It bubbles with energy,__6__ the moods,interests,and emotions of the people.In the 1920s jazz __7__ like America.And so it does today.The __8__ of the music are as interesting as the music itself.American Negroes,or blacks,as they are called today,were the jazz pioneers.They were brought to the Southern states __9__ slaves.They were sold to plantation owners and forced to work long hours.When a Negro died his friends and relatives __ 10 ___ a procession to carry to body to the cemetery.In New Orleans,a band often accompanied the 11 .On the way to the cemetery the band played slow,solemn music,suited to the occasion.__12__ on the way home the mood changed.Spirits lifted.Death had removed one of their number2,but the living were glad to be 13__.The band played 14 music,improvising on both the harmony and the melody of the tunes3 15 __ at the funeral.This music made everyone want to dance.It was an early form of jazz.
1.jazz is spontaneous and free in form 爵士乐是自发的，不拘形式
2.Death had removed one of their number 死亡带走了他们中的一员，number这里是（人或单位的）总和、全体
3.…improvising on both the harmony and the melody of the tunes 根据曲调的和声和旋律即兴演奏
1.A） while B） when C） since D） as
2.A） music B） songs C） melodies D） tunes
3.A） listened B） noticed C） heard D） found
4.A） classical B） sacred C） popular D） serious
5.A） introduces B） follows C） takes D） approaches
6.A） disclosing B） explaining C） expressing D） exposing
7.A） sounded B） felt C） looked D） seemed
8.A） discoveries B） originals C） resources D） origins
9.A） like B）for C）as D）by
10.A）composed B）formed C）hosted D）demonstrated
11.A）body B）demonstration C）procession D）march
12.A）Furthermore B）Similarly C）But D）Therefore
13.A）live B） alive C）life D）there
14.A）sad B）solemn C）happy D）funeral
15.A）sung B）showed C）played D）expressed
1.B when jazz was born 是定语从句，修饰at the turn of the last century,所以这里需要填入的是一个引导定语从句的关联副词，只有when具有这一功能。
3.C 爵士是音乐，所以noticed 和 found 都不合适，listen 是不及物动词，如果要用，也应该有个to，而这里是‘听到’，不是‘听着’的意思，所以应该用heard.
6.C 从跟后面这几个词moods,interests,emotions 的搭配考录，只能选expressing
10.B 他们自发形成一支队伍，只能说form a procession,其他三个词的搭配都不对。11.C 根据前一句很容易就可以判断应该选 procession.
15.C 能和 tunes搭配的只有 sung和played两个，但是上文中提到在新奥尔良葬礼上总有一个乐队在演奏，所以这里应该选 played 而不是 sung.
6、理工B 阅读理解的 CAN YOU HEAR THIS 以及 SMART WINDOWS 来自 《2016全国职称英语等级考试专项突破与综合训练》的阅读理解专项突破四的第一，二篇，一点也没有修改，有兴趣的可以对一下答案。
7、理工B 阅读判断的 THE THEORY OF EVERYTHING 来自 《2016全国职称英语等级考试专项突破与综合训练》的阅读判断专项突破四，有兴趣的可以对一下答案。
Black Holes Trigger
Scientists have longunderstood that supermassive black holes weighing millions or billions of sunscan tear apart stars that come too close. The black hotels gravity pulls harderon the nearest part of the star, an imbalance that pulls the star apart over aperiod of minutes or hours, once it gets close enough.
Scientists say thisUneven pulling is not the only hazard facing the star. The strain of theseunbalanced forces can also trigger a nuclear explosion powerful enough todestroy the star from within. Matthieu Brassart and Jean-Pierre Luminet of theObservatoire de Paris in Meudon, France, carried out computer simulations ofthe final moments of such an unfortunate star's life, as it veered towards asupermassive black hole.
When the star getsclose enough, the uneven forces flatten it into a pancake shape. Some previousstudies had suggested this flattening would increase the density andtemperature inside the star enough to trigger intense nuclear reactions thatwould tear it apart. But other studies had suggested that the picture would becomplicated by shock waves generated during the flattening process and that nonuclear explosion should occur.
The new simulationsinvestigated the effects of shock waves in detail, and found that even whentheir effects are included, the conditions favor a nuclear explosion."There will be an explosion of the star - it will be completelydestroyed," Brassart says. Although the explosion obliterates the star, itsaves some of the star's matter from being devoured by the black hole. Theexplosion is powerful enough to hurl much of the star's matter out of the blackhole's reach, he says.
The devouring of star**y black holes may already have been observed, although at a much later stage.It is thought that several months after the event that rips the star apart, itsmatter starts swirling into the hole itself. It heats up as it does so, releasingultraviolet light and X-rays.
If stars disruptednear black holes really do explode, then they could in principle allow theseevents to be detected at a much earlier stage, says Jules Hatpern of ColumbiaUniversity in New York, US. "It may make it possible to see the disruptionof that star immediately if it gets hot enough," he says. （职业培训教育网2016年职称英语综合A真题答案及解析）
Brassart agrees."Perhaps it can be observed in the X-rays and gamma rays, but it'ssomething that needs to be more studied," he says. Supernova researcherChris Fryer of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico,US, says the deaths of these stars are difficult to simulate, and he is not surewhether the researchers have proven their case that they explode in theprocess.
1. Something destructive could happen to astar that gets too close to a black hole. Which of the following destructivestatements is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. The black hole could tear apart thestar.
B. The black hole could trigger a nuclearexplosion in the star.
C. The black hole could dwindle its sizeconsiderably.
D. The black hole could devour the star.
2. According to the third paragraph,researchers differed from each other in the problem of ____.
A. whether nuclear reaction would occur.
B. whether the stars would increase itsdensity and temperature.
C. whether shock waves would occur.
D. whether the uneven forces would flattenthe stars.
根据原文第三段"Someprevious studies had suggested……But otherstudies had suggested…… that nonuclear explosion should occur."可知本题选A。
3. According to the fourth paragraph, whichof the following is NOT true?
A. No nuclear explosion would be triggeredinside the star.
B. The star would be destroyed completely.
C. Much of the star's matter throw by theexplosion would be beyond the black hole's reach.
D. The black hole would completely devourthe star.
根据原文第四段Brassart的话"There will be an explosion of the star - it will be completelydestroyed."可知，这里说的是star 而不是black hole，故D是错误的。
4. What will happen several months afterthe explosion of the star?
A .The star's matter will move further awayfrom by the black hole.
B. The black hole's matter will heat up.
C. The torn star's matter will swirl intothe black hole.
D. The black hole's matter will releaseultraviolet light and X-rays.
根据原文第五段"It isthought that several months after the event that rips the star apart, itsmatter starts swirling into the hole itself. " 可知答案选C。
5. According to the context, the word"disruption" in Paragraph 6 means?
A ."Confusion. "
B. "Tearing apart. "
C. "Interruption. "
D. "Flattening. "